Research Paper On Bangladesh

Bangladesh Development
Research Center (BDRC)
© 2017 Bangladesh Development Research Center Inc. (BDRC)
Text and graphics may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational
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May 1, 2017: Bangladesh Moves to Burn Grain for Fuel
Reuters reports that Bangladesh plans to begin turning some of the grain it produces into ethanol to make its fuel greener – but
economists and experts warn the move could hurt food security in a country that is already a grain importer.
LEARN MORE --->
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April 24, 2017: Growth without Good Governance is Hollow
As reported by the Daily Star, economic growth would be meaningless unless there is good governance, said Akbar Ali Khan,
former caretaker government adviser, yesterday at a discussion, which was part of a two-day annual event of the Bangladesh
Institute of Development Studies (BIDS).
LEARN MORE --->
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April 18, 2017: Bangladesh Bank appoints Dr. Faisal Ahmed as Chief Economist
Dr. Faisal Ahmed, who previously held several positions at the International Monetary Fund (IMF), including IMF representative
to Cambodia from 2011-2015, has been appointed Chief Economist of Bangladesh’s central bank. He has worked as a Senior
Economic Adviser to the Governor of Bangladesh Bank since August 2015. Dr. Ahmed holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the
University of Minnesota and a master’s degree in finance from Princeton University.
LEARN MORE --->
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April 3, 2017: WFP Reaffirms Its Commitment to Zero Hunger in Bangladesh
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is launching a new four-year Country Strategic Plan (CSP) 2017-2020
designed to strengthen and support the Government of Bangladesh in achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of
“Zero Hunger” by 2030. The CSP Bangladesh is budgeted at USD 201.6 million and reflects an evolution in WFP’s way of
working from being a deliverer of food assistance to an enabler of governments to achieve national hunger solutions. WFP will
work to improve malnutrition, to ensure access to food, to support sustainable food systems, and to support emergency
preparedness activities. WFP will be capitalizing on decades of operational experience in Bangladesh and around the world to
support the government with technical assistance, operational know-how and evidence to inform policies.  
LEARN MORE --->
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April 1, 2017: Backtracking on U.S. Climate Pledges Affects Bangladesh and U.S.
In an open letter to the American people, Dr. Saleemul Huq (Director of the International Centre for Climate Change and
Development at Independent University, Bangladesh) writes that President Trump’s backtracking on U.S. climate pledges will
affect Bangladesh. However, the biggest impact of President Trump’s executive order will ultimately fall on his own citizens as
homes, roads, and other infrastructure may be built with no regard to the rising risk of floods, droughts, or storms.
LEARN MORE --->
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March 5, 2017: Making the Budget More Vibrant
In an Op-ed of the Daily Star, Dr. Biru Paksha Paul (the former Chief Economist of the Bangladesh Bank) states that the time
has come to change the structure and attitude of the Government’s Budget. He refers to a dysfunctionality of the Budget’s
annual development programme (ADP), which is illustrated by the fact that only 50 percent of the ADP was implemented in the
first 10 months of the last fiscal year (FY 2016). Despite record progress, the ADP’s implementation during the first 7 months of
the current FY 2017 was only 33 percent. Dr. Paul suggests that the best way to end the recurring dramas of ADP failures and
the pipeline stories of unused foreign resources is to create an independent infrastructure part in the budget as soon as
possible.
LEARN MORE --->
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February 13, 2017: New IMF Training and Technical Assistance Center Inaugurated
A new South Asia Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) was officially inaugurated on February 13, 2017.
SARTTAC is a collaborative venture between the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives,
Nepal, Sri Lanka, and development partners. The Center aims at helping its member countries strengthen their institutional and
human capacity to design and implement macroeconomic and financial policies that promote growth and reduce poverty.
LEARN MORE --->
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January 28, 2017: Take Action to Protect Girls
Bangladesh has made strides in passing progressive laws for women and girls. But a new law aimed at ending child
marriage could include a ‘special circumstances’ clause where young girls may be forced to marry their rapists.
LEARN MORE (and see how you can help) --->
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January 4, 2017: Bangladesh Development Bibliography contains 29,000+ entries
The BDRC’s Bangladesh Development Bibliography of this Millennium contains now more than 29 thousand entries.
This bibliography is freely available on the BDRC website as a MS Excel file.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 17-19, 2016: First Annual National Conference on Urban Resilience
The First Annual National Conference on Urban Resilience, held on December 17-19, 2016 in Dhaka was organized by the
International Centre for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD) and the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network
(ACCCRN), Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 8, 2016: Fifteen percent of Dhaka’s slum children work an average of 64 hours a week
A new report by Maria Quattri and Kevin Watkins at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) documents that child labor is
rampant in Dhaka’s slums. The report describes a unique, large-scale representative survey into the relationship between
child labor and education in slum settlements located across eight administrative units in Dhaka.
LEARN MORE (ODI Report, pdf) --->
LEARN MORE (Why child labor is rampant in Dhaka's slums?) --->
LEARN MORE (BDRC Working Paper on Child Labor in Sylhet City, pdf) --->
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November 13, 2016: New BDRC Working Paper examines impact of foreign aid before and after Paris Declaration
A new BDRC Working Paper by Nuzat Tasnim Dristy examines the impact of foreign aid on Bangladesh’s economic growth
before and after the signing of the Paris Declaration in 2005. The result of the analysis is such that there is almost no change
in the aid-growth relationship before and after adopting the Paris Declaration principles.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 27, 2016: 40 million people remain food insecure in Bangladesh
As reported by the Daily Star, a new report by the World Food Programme (WFP) came to the conclusion that an alarmingly
large number of people still remain food insecure and hungry: one-quarter of the population (which amounts to 40 million
people) was food insecure in 2014.
LEARN MORE (Daily Star News Report) --->
LEARN MORE (WFP Report) --->
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October 24, 2016: New IFPRI Office in Bangladesh
After 30 years of contributing to nutrition, food security, and agricultural development in Bangladesh, the International Food
Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) officially opened its Bangladesh country office in October 2016. An inaugural ceremony was
held in Dhaka on October 24, 2016, to commemorate the occasion.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 5, 2016: Bangladeshi parliament passes bill to silence' its civil society
As reported by Deutsche Welle, a new bill passed by the Bangladeshi parliament on Wednesday, October 5, sparked
widespread criticism and concerns that the government is trying to tighten its grip over non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
operating in the country. The “Foreign Donations (Voluntary Activities) Regulation Bill” has a provision that empowers
officials to withhold the registration of a foreign-funded NGO or ban its activities for making “malicious” or “derogatory” remarks
on any constitutional bodies of Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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September 23, 2016: New BDRC Working Paper compares child marriages in Bangladesh and Niger
A new BDRC Working Paper by Samantha Morrow analyzes the economic motivation behind marrying girls, explains the
cyclical role of education, and examines the health-related consequences. While technically illegal, child marriage is culturally
significant and has continued to be prevalent in Bangladesh and Niger. With 76 percent of girls married before they turn 18,
Niger has the highest rate of child brides in the world. Poverty is a driving factor for many families in Niger to marry girls. In
Bangladesh, where 52 percent of girls are married before they turn 18, sociocultural norms are a key motivating influence.
LEARN MORE --->
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Fourth International Conference on Inclusive Education will be held in Dhaka on January 12-14, 2017
Under the banner of the Asian Centre for Inclusive Education (ACIE), the 4th International Conference on Inclusive Education
will be held in Dhaka on January 12-14, 2017. The deadline for the submission of abstracts is October 30, 2016.
LEARN MORE --->
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Reimagining South Asia in 2030: Ninth SAES in Dhaka on October 15-16, 2016
The Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) will host the Ninth South Asia Economic Summit (SAES-IX) in Dhaka on October
15-16, 2016. SAES is an annual event conceived and organized by five leading think tanks of South Asia. Deliberations at
SAES-IX would focus on envisioning a South Asia which by 2030 will be an upper middle income region with high GDP growth
rate, a strong middle class, zero hard core poverty and hunger, sustainable cities, structurally transformed economies with
strong manufacturing sector. The outcome of the SAES-IX will be fed into the preparatory process of the 19th SAARC Summit
which will be held in Pakistan during November 9-10, 2016.
LEARN MORE --->
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September 9, 2016: Bangladesh needs more women in unions to improve worker rights
As reported by Anastasia Moloney at the Thomson Reuters Foundation, low wages, a lack of women in senior management
positions, few female union leaders, and getting more women to join trade unions remain key challenges in Bangladesh’s 5,000
garment factories, which employ about 4 million workers, of whom around 80 percent are women. Former child laborer Nazma
Akter, now the head of Sommilito Garments Sramik Federation (SGSF), a 100,000-strong trade union, argues that “If you don't
know your rights, you can’t stand up for them.”
LEARN MORE --->
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FOBANA 2016 Convention to be held September 2-4, 2016 in Washington, DC
Hosted by the Bangladesh Association of Greater Washington DC (BAGWDC), the Federation of Bangladeshi Associations
in North America (FOBANA)’s 2016 convention will be held during September 2-4, 2016, in the Sheraton Pentagon City Hotel,
Arlington, Virginia (greater Washington, DC area).
LEARN MORE --->
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July 29, 2016: How many people have access to the internet in Bangladesh?
As reported by the Daily Star, there is some dispute about Bangladesh’s internet penetration. According to a recent report
by the International Telecommunication Union, Bangladesh has the lowest internet penetration in South Asia, with just 14.40
percent of the population having connectivity to the internet. On the other hand, Zunaid Ahmed Palak, state minister for ICT,
said that the country’s internet penetration is about 40 percent.
LEARN MORE --->
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July 2, 2016: BDRC condemns despicable act of terrorism in Dhaka
The Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC) condemns the despicable act of terrorism in a restaurant popular
with foreigners in Dhaka. The Bangladeshi government and all governments can and must to more to eliminate ISIS everywhere.
As the vast majority of Muslims have recognized, any such acts (including if targeted at non-Muslims) are forbidden by Islam
(see the BDRC’s feature of June 21, 2016).
LEARN MORE (about Islam being a religion of peace) --->
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June 21, 2016: Anti-Terror Fatwa Endorsed by 100,000 Bangladeshi Islamic Scholars
As reported by Voice of America, a leading Islamic group in Bangladesh has issued a fatwa condemning terrorism and militancy,
including violent attacks on non-Muslims and secular writers and activists, as "Haraam," or forbidden and un-Islamic. The fatwa,
or religious decree, was signed by more than 100,000 Islamic scholars, legal experts and clerics, and presented by Maulana
Fariduddin Masoud, chairman of Bangladesh Jamiatul Ulama (BJU), a national body of Islamic scholars.
LEARN MORE --->
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June 9, 2016: Bangladeshi Inventor Creates Electricity-Free Air Conditioner
As reported by Yahoo News, Bangladeshi inventor Ashis Paul has figured out how to repurpose plastic bottles into a low-cost,
easy-to-make, electricity-free air conditioner. The science behind the Eco-Cooler is based on the idea that the bottleneck
becomes a funnel that compresses and cools the air that runs through it by about five degrees, according to the Eco-Cooler
website.
LEARN MORE --->
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May 19, 2016: Recent string of vicious killings in Bangladesh is a governance issue
In an opinion piece of the New York Times, dated May 19, 2016, William B. Milam, who is a senior policy scholar at the Woodrow
Wilson Center in Washington and a former U.S. ambassador to Bangladesh and Pakistan, wrote: “The recent string of vicious
killings in Bangladesh is less a terrorism issue than a governance issue: It is the ruling Awami League’s onslaught against its
political opponents, which began in earnest after the last election in January 2014, that has unleashed extremists in
Bangladesh.”
LEARN MORE --->
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April 29, 2016: Bangladesh has the potential to become one of the leading economies
As reported by the Daily Star, the Chinese Ambassador in Dhaka, Ma Mingqiang, said that Bangladesh has all the potential to
become one of the leading economies in the world and China wants to support it in every possible way. The Chinese envoy said
Bangladesh has a huge potential market, huge labor force and very strategic geo-location in between three major economies --
India, Northeast Asia and Southeast Asia.
LEARN MORE --->
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April 11, 2016: Political repression reaches new heights in Bangladesh
A new Report by the International Crisis Group, issued on April 11, 2016, states: “As the Awami League (AL) government’s
political rivalry with the Bangladesh National Party (BNP) reaches new heights, so has its repression. At the same time, a
deeply politicised, dysfunctional criminal justice system is undermining rather than buttressing the rule of law. Heavy-handed
measures are denting the government’s legitimacy and, by provoking violent counter-responses, benefitting violent party wings
and extremist groups alike.”
LEARN MORE --->
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April 4, 2016: Income inequality is on the rise in Bangladesh
As reported in the Daily Star, Bangladesh’s Finance Minister AMA Muhith confirmed that income inequality has gone up, though
he also stressed that we should also focus on the positive aspect, which is that the rate of extreme poverty has dropped (see
the BDRC’s feature story of September 23, 2015). According to Human Development in South Asia 2015 Report (see Table
4.18, p. 104), Bangladesh’s income inequality (measured by the Gini coefficient) increased from 0.350 in 1984 to 0.458 in 2010.
LEARN MORE ---> (link to Daily Star report)
LEARN MORE ---> (link to Human Development in South Asia 2015 Report)
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March 9, 2016: New BDRC Working Paper shows that shifting cultivation has negative impact on soil biological
properties
A new BDRC Working Paper by Shafat Hosen, Ohidul Alam and S. M. Sirajul Haque examines the impact of shifting cultivation in
the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh on the growth of microbial organisms. It shows that shifting cultivation is reducing
availability of microbes in soils along with creating a crisis of nutrients.
LEARN MORE --->
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February, 17, 2016: Coastal families face health problems due to increased salinity
As reported by The Guardian, partly due to shrimp farming, the salinity along coastal lands of Bangladesh has seeped ever
further inland and is now associated with a variety of negative health effects. The cultivation of shrimp became a necessity for
the populations living on the external coastland when, by the 1970s, a combination of natural and man-made disasters had
made the soil too salty to grow rice. However, the shrimp industry is also responsible for worsening the water crisis. It has fast
became one of Bangladesh’s highest earners.
LEARN MORE --->
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January 27, 2016: No Progress with Reducing Corruption in Bangladesh
Based on the 2015 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) released today, Bangladesh’s score remained the same as in 2014.
However, taking into account that the 2015 index covers fewer countries than in 2014, Bangladesh’s relative ranking
deteriorated slightly. Bangladesh continues to rank far behind India and Sri Lanka, as well as behind Nepal and Pakistan. After
improvements in Bangladesh’s relative ranking of the CPI from 2005 to 2011, recent data show a negative trend. In 2015,
Bangladesh had the same CPI score as Guinea, Kenya, Laos, Papua New Guinea, and Uganda.
LEARN MORE --->
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January 14, 2016: New Training Tool against Corruption in Textile Sector
Transparency International Bangladesh and Transparency International Deutschland developed a training tool particular for the
supply chain of the textile sector in Bangladesh. It is based on real-life scenarios of solicitation and extortion demands, and also
includes scenarios of fraud and falsification which often are entry points of corruption.
LEARN MORE ---> (pdf)
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January 5, 2016: Bangladesh Receives $100 Million Grant to Help 19.5 Million Children Complete Primary Schooling
The Government of Bangladesh today signed an agreement with the World Bank for a $100 million grant from the Global
Partnership for Education (GPE) for the ongoing Third Primary Education Development Program (PEDP3). The grant will help
19.5 million children in primary school to receive primary education and complete grade 5.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 31, 2015: Bangladesh Development Bibliography Reaches 25,000 Publications
The BDRC’s Bangladesh Development Bibliography, which is a list of books, journal articles, working papers, reports, etc.,
published in this Millennium (since January 1, 2000), has surpassed 25,000 publications.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 1, 2015: New BDRC Working Paper Analyzes Industrial Noise Levels and Impact on Workers’ Health in
Industrial Areas of Bangladesh
This study by Kamrul Islam and Sahadeb Chandra Majumder identified the status of noise levels, their ultimate impact on
workers’ health, and noise reduction compliance in Kalurghat Heavy Industrial Area (KHIA) of Chittagong. The study found that
most of the factories hardly use physical mechanisms to control excessive noise.
LEARN MORE --->
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November 17, 2015: New BDRC Working Paper Examines National Budged based on A Rights-based Assessment
This study by Emraan Azad, Mahmudul Hasan and Muhammad Mahdy Hassan examines Bangladesh’s National Budget of 2014-
15 from the perspective of a rights-based approach (RBA) to development model. Comprised of plans, policies and processes
of development, the national budget has been analyzed to understand how a RBA model can incorporate the concept of human
development in the design and implementation process of different development programs mandated by the annual budget.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 21, 2015: IMF Approves Disbursement of US$258.3 Million
Based on Press Release No. 15/476 (of October 21, 2015), the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)
completed the fifth and sixth reviews of Bangladesh’s economic program under a three-year arrangement supported by the
Extended Credit Facility (ECF). The Executive Board’s decision enables the immediate disbursement of an amount equivalent to
about US$258.3 million to Bangladesh, bringing total disbursements under the arrangement to about US$904.2 million.
LEARN MORE --->
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September 23, 2015: Bangladesh’s poverty rate drops to 24.8 percent
Based on Bangladesh’s latest MDG Progress Report 2015 (posted online by UNDP on September 23, 2015), the estimated
poverty rate for 2015 dropped to 24.8 percent, compared to 31.5 percent in 2010 and 48.9 percent in 2000.
LEARN MORE ---> (link to UNDP website)
LEARN MORE ---> (link to PDF of report)
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September 4, 2015: New BDRC Working Paper Explores Water, Sanitation and Health
This study by Tawhidul Islam, Ohidul Alam, and Khaled Misbahuzzaman is based on a survey of 72 rural families that were
selected randomly in two unions of Lohagara Upazila to explore the current status and adopted measures in the water,
sanitation and health sector (WaSH).
LEARN MORE --->
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August 5, 2015: United Nations Agrees on Goals for Sustainable Future
As reported by Edith Lederer for the Irish Examiner, the 193 member states of the UN have reached agreement on a
development agenda for the next 15 years that calls for eradicating poverty and hunger, achieving gender equality, improving
living standards, and taking urgent action to combat climate change.
LEARN MORE --->
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July 23, 2015: Germany to provide 208 million Euro to Bangladesh
As reported by DhakaTribune, Germany will provide 208 million Euro in assistance to Bangladesh for combating the adverse
impacts of climate change, develop energy efficiency and strengthen governance. The newly appointed German Ambassador to
Bangladesh, Dr. Thomas Prinz, said this while paying a courtesy call to Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, reports United News of
Bangladesh (UNB).
LEARN MORE --->
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July 5, 2015: OECD upgrades Bangladesh country rating by one notch
As reported by Reuters, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has upgraded its rating for
Bangladesh, in a move that should make it easier for local entrepreneurs and banks to secure credit, the country's central bank
governor said on Sunday.
LEARN MORE --->
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July 2, 2015: Sir Fazle Hasan Abed wins 2015 World Food prize
As reported by the Guardian, BRAC’s Sir Fazle Hasan Abed wins 2015 World Food prize for reducing poverty. The founder of
the largest non-governmental organization in the world receives award for ‘unparalleled’ work in Bangladesh and 10 other
countries.
LEARN MORE --->
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June 6, 2015: India and Bangladesh sign historic territory swap deal
Bangladesh and India have signed a historic agreement to simplify their border by exchanging more than 150 enclaves of land.
More than 50,000 people currently live in tiny enclaves, which typically are cut off from public services. The people of these
enclaves will be able to choose where they want to live and which nationality they would prefer.
LEARN MORE --->
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Bangladesh Open University set to launch full online academic programs
On May 24, 2015, DhakaTribune reported that Bangladesh Open University (BOU) is set to launch very soon its first full online
academic programs as part of its plan to turn it into a full-fledged digital university by 2016, moving one step forward with the
government’s vision to establish Digital Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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U.S. Congress Hearing on “Bangladesh’s Fracture: Political and Religious Extremism”
On April 30, 2015, the U.S. Congress Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific held a hearing on Bangladesh’s Fracture: Political
and Religious Extremism. The Subcommittee expressed anxiety over Bangladesh’s political instability as it would serve as a
breeding ground for religious extremism and militancy.
LEARN MORE ---> (links to video of the hearing)
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April 2, 2015: New BDRC Working Paper examines impact of ICT on health services in Bangladesh
This study by Fatema Khatun and Mst. Rokshana Khanam Sima applies the simple random sampling method to primary data
collected from Hobiganj Adhunik Zila Sadar Hospital to examine the impact of existing Information and Communication
Technologies (ICT) on health services in Bangladesh. The study finds that the existing ICT health services do not meet the
demand of the people. Traditional and insufficient equipment is one of the main problems. The study also finds some other
challenges, including unskilled manpower, inadequacy of ICT infrastructure, and a lack of financial support from the
government. Despite these deficits, the study finds that the use of ICT has a positive impact on the provision of health services
in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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March 25, 2015: UC Berkeley first U.S. university to house a center for Bangladesh studies
Improving garment-industry safety, designing apps to solve social problems and gathering data on antibiotic-resistant bacteria
found on fruits and vegetables: These are among the innovative research projects made possible by UC Berkeley’s new Subir &
Malini Chowdhury Center for Bangladesh Studies. Monday, March 30, marks the official opening of the center.
LEARN MORE --->
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February 23, 2015: Bangladesh Burning
An Opinion by K. Anis Ahmed, published by The Wall Street Journal, provides an update on Bangladesh’s current political
crisis.  More than 100 Bangladeshis have been killed in political violence since last month, mostly through petrol-bombing of
commuter buses and three-wheeler motorized rickshaws.
LEARN MORE --->
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Next BDI conference on November 6-8, 2015 at UC at Berkeley
Bangladesh Development Initiative (BDI) is organizing a two-day international conference to generate new ideas and strategies
for transforming Bangladesh into a prosperous nation in the early decades of the 21st century. Call for Papers.
LEARN MORE --->
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February 9, 2015: Mapping Bangladesh's Political Crisis
A new Report by the International Crisis Group analyzes Bangladesh's current political crisis. The report states: “With the two
largest mainstream parties unwilling to work toward a new political compact that respects the rights of both opposition and victor
to govern within the rule of law, extremists and criminal networks could exploit the resulting political void.”
LEARN MORE --->
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January 5, 2015: BDRC Working Paper is in SSRN Top 10 Downloaded
One of the papers of the BDRC’s Working Paper Series has been in the top 10 list of ALL TIME papers within the PSN: Labor
(Topic). Between July 1, 2009 and January 5, 2015, BDRWPS No. 8 has been downloaded 315 times.
LEARN MORE --->
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January 4, 2015: New BDRC Working Paper examines accountability and transparency at local level finance
This study by Md. Anwar Hossain examines the degree of accountability and transparency of local level finance in three unions
of Sylhet Sadar Upazila. It is based on interviews and focus group discussions with general people and government
representatives, as well as a detailed review of the existing literature.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 31, 2014: BB expects Bangladesh economy to grow at 6.5 percent
As reported in the Daily Star (of December 31, 2014, page B1), the country’s central bank (Bangladesh Bank) expects
Bangladesh’s economy to grow at least at 6.5 percent in fiscal year 2014-15. BB also vowed to contain inflation, to improve
investor confidence, and to enforce that banks embrace the culture of disbursing quality loans.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 30, 2014: VAT Law Delayed by Another Year
As reported in the Daily Star (of December 30, 2014, page B1), the National Board of Revenue has extended the deadline for
implementing the contentious value-added tax (VAT) law by a year to July 2016. The reasons given were delays in software
procurement and opposition from businesses. The disclosure comes after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) demanded an
official roadmap for the implementation of the VAT law before it releases the sixth installment of the US$1 billion Extended Credit
Facility.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 10, 2014:  BDRC recognizes Human Rights Day 2014
Recognizing Human Rights Day December 10, 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to human rights in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 06, 2014: Increasing Government Control Over Grameen Bank Will Hardly Serve Bangladesh
In a feature story of The Diplomat, Niaz Asadullah and Zaki Wahhaj write that increasing state control over Grameen Bank will
hardly serve the interests of Bangladesh. When it comes to gender equality, Bangladesh ranks above all South Asian countries
and Muslim-majority nations in Asia. The foundation for women’s development was laid by non-state actors. Bangladesh’s
microfinance pioneer Professor Muhammad Yunus saw women as the key agent of social change nearly four decades ago when
gender development was yet to be recognized in the country’s development agenda. In later years, NGOs like Grameen Bank
and BRAC not only championed development schemes that targeted women, they also employed hundreds of thousands of
women at the community levels to deliver health, family planning and education services. However this unique collaboration
between the state and NGOs for women’s development is now under threat.
LEARN MORE --->
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December 1, 2014:  BDRC recognizes World AIDS Day 2014
Recognizing World AIDS Day December 1, 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to HIV/AIDS in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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BDRC recognizes International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
Recognizing International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (November 25), the BDRC provides a list of recent
publications related to violence against women in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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November 23, 2014: Business climate improves: Infrastructure holds key
Bangladesh's position has improved by two points in the prestigious Economic Intelligence Unit's (EIU) Ranking, while India, Sri
Lanka and Pakistan have seen their rankings slip a few notches. Bangladesh has now come up to the 69th position in 2014 in
terms of Investment Friendly destination. The EIU forecast measures not only past data but also expectations for the future.
LEARN MORE --->
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November 20, 2014:  BDRC recognizes Universal Children's Day
Recognizing Universal Children's Day, November 20, 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to
children in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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November 19, 2014: Early Child Marriage is Still a Big Problem
Bangladesh has achieved remarkable progress in primary education, maternity health, reducing birth rate and mortality rates.
However, at the release of the UNPFA’s World Population Report 2014, the UN agency’s Bangladesh Representative Ms. Ms
Argentina Matavel Piccin stated that early child marriage is still a big problem in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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November 14, 2014:  BDRC recognizes World Diabetes Day
Recognizing World Diabetes Day, November 14, 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to diabetes in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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Conference for Research on Climate Change in Bangladesh
The Gobeshona Conference for Research on Climate Change in Bangladesh will take place at the Independent University,
Bangladesh (IUB) in Dhaka from January 7-11, 2015.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 17, 2014:  BDRC recognizes International Day for the Eradication of Poverty
Recognizing International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, October 17, 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications
related to poverty eradication in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 16, 2014:  BDRC recognizes World Food Day
Recognizing World Food Day 2014, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to food security in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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October 10, 2014: Seminar Focuses on Importance of Sino Bangla Relations
The Bangladesh Cultural Academy Foundation organized a seminar on the “Rise of China and Sino Bangla Relation” at
which Qu Guangzhou, charge d' affairs of the Chinese embassy, said that his country has become one of Bangladesh's
important trade partners, and that the Chinese government encourages export of Bangladeshi goods to China.
LEARN MORE --->
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September 12, 2014: Next development plan targets growth, empowering citizens
The Daily Star reports that Bangladesh’s next five-year plan aims to boost economic growth and empower citizens as part
of the government's long-term vision of eliminating poverty and making Bangladesh a middle-income country.
LEARN MORE --->
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September 8, 2014: BDRC recognizes International Literacy Day
Recognizing September 8, 2014 as International Literacy Day, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to literacy
in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
_______________________________________________________________________________________________  
August 27, 2014: Latest Bangladesh Poverty Maps Launched
The Bangladesh Poverty Maps 2010, which are the third generation of poverty maps in Bangladesh, were launched today.
These maps are an important statistical instrument for estimating the poverty incidence up to sub-district (upazila) levels. The
poverty mapping exercises show that Rangpur and Barisal Divisions have the highest incidence of poverty while Chittagong and
Sylhet division have the lowest. The maps were developed in a joint exercise by the Bangladesh Bureau
of Statistics (BBS), the World Bank and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).
LEARN MORE --->
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August 21, 2014: New World Bank framework may open floodgates of potentially devastating impact on indigenous
people
In an Op-ed of the Daily Star, the Executive Director of Transparency International Bangladesh criticized the World Bank
for weakening its Safeguard Policies and Environment and Social Framework.  
LEARN MORE --->
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AABEA Biennial Convention to be held on November 15 2014
The American Association of Bangladeshi Engineers and Architects (AABEA) will hold its next Biennial Convention on
November 15, 2014, at Sheraton Hotel, Anaheim, California, focusing on Economic Trends & Industrialization.
LEARN MORE --->
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August 9, 2014: BDRC recognizes International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
Recognizing August 9, 2014 as International Day of the World’s Indigenous People the BDRC provides a list of recent
publications related to indigenous people in Bangladesh and some links to resources, recent news and additional information.
LEARN MORE --->
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July 22, 2014: UK’s PM meets with Bangladesh’s PM in London
The Prime Ministers spoke about eliminating child marriage, January’s Bangladesh election, development goals and the
Bangladeshi diaspora.
LEARN MORE --->
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June 5, 2014: BDRC recognizes World Environment Day 2014
Recognizing World Environment Day 2014 (June 5), the BDRC provides a list of recent developmental publications related to
Bangladesh’s environment.
LEARN MORE --->
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May 29, 2014: Bangladesh has one of the lowest tax-to-GDP ratios in the world
As stated in the IMF Press Release on the IMF Executive Board Completing the Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit
Facility Arrangement for Bangladesh: “Bangladesh has one of the lowest tax-to-GDP ratios in the world, and it is critical to
strengthen revenues so as to broaden fiscal space for priority development spending, while resisting pressures to provide
further tax benefits. Implementation of the new VAT remains the foremost priority, complemented by reforms to strengthen
revenue administration.” Bangladesh’s record is of course also related to the fact that the government’s share in the
Bangladeshi economy is small.
LEARN MORE --->
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May 26, 2014: Bangladesh should embrace English
In a Daily Star Op-ed, Fakhruddin Ahmed writes that Bangladesh should embrace English. Since the English-speaking world is
on a roll, it is in Bangladesh's interest to throw in its lot with them, technologically speaking, rather than fight them.
LEARN MORE --->
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
May 3, 2013: BDRC recognizes World Press Freedom Day 2014
Recognizing World Press Freedom Day 2014 (May 3), the BDRC provides a list of recent developmental publications related to
press freedom in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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April 25, 2013: BDRC recognizes World Malaria Day 2014
Recognizing World Malaria Day 2014 (April 25), the BDRC provides a list of recent developmental publications related to
malaria in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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April 24, 2014: One Year after the Rana Plaza Tragedy
The Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD, in partnership with a number of civil society organizations) has launched an initiative to
follow up and report, on a regular basis, on the delivery status of the commitments made by involved stakeholders of the Rana
Plaza tragedy of 24 April 2013. The Third Independent Monitoring Report of the initiative was launched.
LEARN MORE (pdf) --->
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
April 7, 2014: BDRC recognizes World Health Day 2014
Recognizing World Health Day 2014 (April 7), the BDRC provides a list of recent developmental publications related to health in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
March 22, 2014: BDRC recognizes World Water Day 2014
Recognizing World Water Day 2014 (March 22), the BDRC provides a list of recent developmental publications related to water
in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
______________________________________________________________________________________________
March 10, 2014: Bangladesh warns of rising climate change costs as donations plummet
The Guardian reports that Bangladesh needs $5billion over the next five years to adapt to current climate changes, and the
cost is rising each year. The UN climate talks resume in Bonn, Germany, on Monday, March 10, 2014.
LEARN MORE --->
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March 8, 2014: BDRC recognizes International Women's Day 2013
Recognizing International Women's Day 2014, the BDRC provides: 1) links to some recent videos on women's issues in
Bangladesh, and 2) a list of recent developmental publications related to women in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
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February 21, 2014: Bangladeshi Language Martyrs Day and International Mother Language Day
Recognizing Bangladeshi Language Martyrs Day and International Mother Language Day 2014 (February 21, 2014), the BDRC
provides a list of recent publications related to Bengali and development.
LEARN MORE --->
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
February 3, 2014: Bangladesh has potential to enhance trade
Due to the shifting of economic, political and social aspects to Asia, South-South trade has immense potential. Bangladesh can
enhance this trade by focusing on information technology, renewable energy and creative industries.
LEARN MORE --->
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February 2, 2014: “Easy Like Water” and “Life Is Still Not Ours”
These are the titles of two new outstanding movies related to Bangladesh. “Easy Like Water” is about a visionary architect, who
is building floating schools to turn the front lines of climate change into a community of learning. “Life is still not ours” is an
attempt to weave together the complex history of the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
LEARN MORE ---> Website and trailer for Easy Like Water
LEARN MORE ---> Website and trailer for Life Is Still Not Ours
________________________________________________________________________________________________
January 9 / January 19, 2014: BDRC publishes 3 new Working Papers
The Bangladesh Development Research Center (BDRC) has published 3 new papers in its Bangladesh Development Working
Paper Series (BDRWPS). The BDRWPS contains now 21 papers. The last three papers cover, respectively, the impact of
remittances on economic growth in Bangladesh (BDRWPS No. 19), Bangladesh’s structural transformation,
macroeconomic volatility and uncertainty and their policy implications (BDRWPS No. 20), and Bangladesh's priority areas to
further its development (BDRWPS No. 21).
LEARN MORE --->
________________________________________________________________________________________________
January 5, 2014: Boycotted election does not resolve the political crisis
The election of January 5th leaves the political crisis exactly where it was before voting started. This is how a BBC analyst
described Bangladesh’s election on January 5, 2014, which was boycotted by all major opposition parties as they were
convinced that an election carried out by the current government would be rigged. All elections since 1991 have been held
under a neutral caretaker administration to ensure that voting results are not fixed. But the Awami League abolished the
caretaker system in 2010, arguing that it was no longer necessary.
LEARN MORE --->
________________________________________________________________________________________________
December 10, 2013:  BDRC recognizes Human Rights Day 2013
Recognizing Human Rights Day December 10, 2013, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to human rights in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
________________________________________________________________________________________________
December 1, 2013:  BDRC recognizes World AIDS Day 2013
Recognizing World AIDS Day December 1, 2013, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to HIV/AIDS in
Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
________________________________________________________________________________________________
BDRC recognizes International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
Recognizing International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (November 25), the BDRC provides a list of recent
publications related to violence against women in Bangladesh.
LEARN MORE --->
________________________________________________________________________________________________
November 20, 2013:  BDRC recognizes Universal Children's Day
Recognizing Universal Children's Day, November 20, 2013, the BDRC provides a list of recent publications related to children in
Bangladesh.

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A RESEARCH PAPER
ON
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF BANGLADESH

SUBMITTED BY:
Ahnaf Tabrez Alam
Saif Sulyman Khan
Nusrat Mahmood
Saika Mehnaz
Rubaiyet Hossain
Tasnuva Tabassum

SUBMITTED TO:
Ms. Rifat Jahan Shashi
Faculty
Bangladesh Studies
BRAC University

DATE OF SUBMISSION: 25th November, 2012

CONTENT

INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVES
METHODOLOGY
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
COMPARISON OF FOUR DECADES
RELATE WITH MDG’S
CHALLENGES
RECOMMENDATIONS CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

Getting access to basic education has…show more content…

These measures have resulted in impressive gains in the achievement of Bangladesh’s primary education goals. Nationwide enrollment rates have sharply increased, dropout rates have gone down, significant progress has been made in raising equality of access between different geographic and socioeconomic groups.3

OBJECTIVES
Our objective of doing this research paper is to evaluate the Education condition in Bangladesh over the decades and analyzing the present condition of Bangladesh education. We worked here on the History of Education , Comparison of Four Decades , we try to relate it with MDG’s ,The Challenges that we already have overcome in our past and also mention about the present and future Challenges and also we share some recommendation to improve the condition.

METHODOLOGY
As we are the students of RS semester we cannot go outside of campus for collecting primary source .That’s why we use Secondary Source in our research paper such as internet,books,newspapers etc.

Rising History in the Education
Start of formal primary education in the Bangladesh region dates back to 1854 and literacy activities at individual initiatives to 1918. At liberation in December 1971, the

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